Introduction to Java fern

Java fern is the most popular aquarium plant due to their aesthetic demand and easy to care for.  It is native to Southeast Asia. In the wild it is usually found attached to wood or rocks along the banks of streams and rivers where humidity is high. It is fully submerged plant or projecting partially out of the water. On the basis of size of the plant and leaf shape there are different varieties, of which, the most common varieties are the narrow leaf, the needle leaf, the Windelov and lance leaf java fern. It makes a good addition to the freshwater aquarium hobby.

Java Fern’s Overview

Java fern is a very popular and beautiful plant.  It is an undemanding plant that is found attached to driftwood or in the crack of a rock. This plant grows from a stem called a rhizome.  It can absorb nutrients from the water through the leaves and roots. It grows very well under subdued and diffused light. Sometimes black areas are seen on the leaves which are a sign of nitrogen deficiency. In some case a transparency area is also seen in the leaves means the plant is receiving too much light. It grows slowly. Under the leaves of this plant bears black spots which are known as sporangia or reproductive organs. It should be planted anywhere in the aquarium on driftwood, rocks or directly onto the gravel. It should not be planted completely in the gravel as it rots or destroys. When it is placed on driftwood or rocks, it needs to be attached with roots. In aquarium condition it does well without the addition of an extra carbon dioxide (CO2) or extra fertilizers. Java fern can easily propagate by dividing the rhizome or growing the little plantlets that appear on the edges of leaves. It can grow up to 35 cm in height and 15 cm in width.

Scientific name: Microsorum pteropus

Common name: Java fern

Origin: Southeast Asia

Care Level: Easy

Propagation: Rhizome Division, Adventitious Plants

Height: 20-35 cm

Width: 5-15 cm

Water PH: 6.0-8.0

Water Hardness: 2-15 dGH

Water Temperature: 65–80 °F

Lighting: Low-moderate

Growth: slow

Background

Java fern (Microsorum pteropus) was described and named by the German-Dutch botanist Carl Ludwig Blume in 1833. It belongs to the family Polypodiaceae under order Polypodiales of class Pteridopsida. The genus name ‘Microsorum’ derived from Latin word meaning tiny spore while the species name ‘pteropus’ refers to the ‘winged base’ of the fronds on the rhizome. This pant is listed on IUCN Red Data Book as least concern (LC).

Housing and care

Java fern is very attractive to the aquarium enthusiasts due to their green color appearance and easy to care for. It can grow like a weed and can spread across the aquarium. It is an excellent aquarium plant which grows in any conditions of water and light. Java Fern can be planted singly or in groups if there is enough space in the aquarium. They work well when it is planted in the middle of the tank in combination with other plants and decors. It requires good water quality with pH of 6.0-8.0, hardness of 2-15 dGH and the temperature should be maintained between 72–82 °F. It should be planted anywhere in the aquarium on driftwood, rocks or directly onto the gravel. When it is placed on driftwood or rocks, it needs to be attached with roots. In aquarium condition it does well without the addition of an extra carbon dioxide or extra fertilizers. The java fern needs at least 1.5 watts of light per gallon. In this case 5000-7000 k bulbs are suggested.  Java Ferns are well suited for planted aquariums that contain cichlids and other large South American fish. It also works well with plant eating fish like fancy goldfish.  10-25% aquarium water should be changed every other week to prevent the undesirable accumulation of excess nutrients and waste products of the fish and plants. Optimal water circulation is essential for healthy growth of the plants in aquarium.

Java Fern for Sale & Availability

Java Fern is a great for beginners due to their reproduction rate and easy to care for. It is best suited for aquariums that contain cichlids and other herbivorous fish species. It is readily available in many local aquarium stores and online vendor with reasonable price. Its variety, like narrow leaf, needle leaf, windelov , lance leaf and many more. Java Fern makes it a great choice for aquarium beauty and decoration. If you want to buy your favorite Java fern from home online, look below to buy today!

Propagation

Java fern can easily propagate through rhizome division and it is done by cutting the plant at the root with the sharp and sterilized scissors. Java fern can also propagate from the small plantlets that appear on the edges of the leaves.  Both leaves and roots are developed from rhizome or plantlets and it should be anchored to a rock or a piece of driftwood using threads or other materials.  After a few months the roots will take hold and then the binding materials can be removed. The new plants then grow over several weeks.

We sell Java Fern (microsorum pteropus)

In the market for some Java Fern? well we are now selling it right here on Aquatic Mag. You can can also get a 10% off discount just by sharing this post.