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Bristlenose plecos (Ancistrus spp) is a very popular freshwater aquarium fish which is also known as Longfinned Bristlenose Pleco, Bristlenose Catfish, Bushynose Catfish, Bushy Nose etc. It originates from tributaries of the Amazon River in South America, specifically the Paraná River basin. Naturally it prefers well aerated water with some sort of current. Bristlenose plecos inhabits fast flowing waters with a gravel substrate and very turbid standing waters with clay on the bottom. During the wet season they are found in flooded forests. The adult prefers deeper darker areas while the young are usually found in shallow bright areas.
Bristlenose Pleco’s Overview
The Bristlenose plecos has elongate body with sucker mouth. The body is normally an uneven brown, black, olive, or gray in color with white or yellow spots. It’s abdomen is flat and lighter colored than the upper body. Bristlenose pleco is easily identified by the bony plates on the body and underlying sucker mouth. The male bears fleshy tentacles on their heads while the female contains only smaller tentacles along their snout. These tentacles are unique characteristics to the genus Ancistrus. This fish also bears small spikes on their fins and a modified stomach that allows them to survive in conditions with low oxygen levels. It is herbivorous fish and its natural diet mainly consists of algae and aufwuchs. They are nocturnal and prefer to eat mostly at night. They prefer acidic or at least neutral water (pH: 5.8 – 7.0) with water temperature of 73-81 0 F range. They are relatively small and adults reach approximately 10-13 cm in length. It can live up to 15 years or more.
Scientific Name: Ancistrus spp
English Name: Longfinned Bristlenose Pleco, Bristlenose Catfish, , Bushynose Catfish, Bushy Nose
Origin: A large part of South America
Adult Size: 13 cm in length
Tank Level: Bottom level
Minimum Tank Size: 40 gallons
Breeding: Egg layer
Care level: Easy to intermediate
Water pH: 5.8-7.8
Water Hardness: 2 to 30 dGH
Water Temperature: 73 – 81 0 F
Water Movement: Moderate to strong water movement to simulate slow moving rivers
Lighting: Moderate to normal lighting
Lifespan: 15 years or more
Background of Bristlenose Plecos
The Bristlenose Catfish was first described by Valenciennes in 1836. It belongs to the family Loricariidae under order Siluriformes of class Actinopterygii. The genus name Ancistrus is derived from the Greek word agkistron, meaning hook. These fish are in demand for their ease of care, resourcefulness and hardiness. This species is not listed on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species.
Housing The Bristlenose Pleco
The Bushy nose pleco is a non-aggressive fish that can be kept in friendly community aquariums. It is not a difficult fish to care for and can be recommended for beginner fish keepers. Juveniles are more sensitive to pH levels than adults, so adult fish are a better choice for beginners. It requires 30 gallons tank with hearty and fast-growing plants. The tank should be decorated with Plants, rocks, large twisted roots and driftwood which can create nooks and caves for hiding places. Ancistrus species prefers well oxygenated water with moderate to strong water flow. The tank should have acidic or at least neutral water (pH: 5.8 to 7.0) with water temperature of 71-80 0 F range. Water changes are important to keep this fish happy and healthy. About 25-50% of the tank water should be replaced every other week. They are not aggressive with other fish except their own kind.
Feeding Bristlenose Plecos
It is herbivorous fish and its natural diet mainly consists of algae and aufwuchs. In captive condition it accepts algae wafers or tablets, flake food, squash, spinach, cucumber, zucchini, green beans and peas. They also accept frozen bloodworms. They are nocturnal and prefer to eat mostly at night.
Breeding Bristlenose Plecos
Bristlenoses are egg layers and can breed in an aquarium. They breed when they attain 6-7 cm in length. In the wild, it tends to breed when the rainy seasons starts after the dry season. Breeding takes place in hollows, caves and mud holes in banks. The female lays 20–200 yellow or orange eggs. The male cleans the eggs and the cavity with its fins and mouth. The male inspects eggs to remove diseased or infertile eggs and aerates the clutch by fanning them with its pectoral and pelvic fins. During this time, a male usually does not leave the cavity to feed. The eggs normally darken and hatch after 5-10 days. The male guards the eggs for 7–10 days after hatching. The fry stay close to the spawning site and are guarded by their father. The fry should be fed with blanched lettuce or canned green beans. Older fry can eat newly hatched brine shrimp and algae wafers. The young fry should be removed and placed in another aquarium using water from the existing aquarium. Ancistrus fry are very sensitive to organic wastes, so frequent water changes are of vital importance.
Sexing Bristlenose Plecos
It is very easy to sex. The male bears more bristles at the center of the head whereas the female bears less number of bristles than male around the edge of the chin. The male also possess well-developed odontodes on the pectoral fins and opercle while the female does not.
Bristlenose Plecos for sale
This wonderful bottom-dwelling fish is peaceful, unique and it is a great addition to a community freshwater tropical tank. They are usually readily available in both pet stores and online. Prices may vary depending upon specific varieties and rarity.
Want to know where Bristlenose Plecos are for sale? check down below for a recommended vendor to buy your next Pleco!